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By Thomas Lehmann

ISBN-10: 8185452032

ISBN-13: 9788185452036

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Additional info for A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication)

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In the phonemic realization of these morphemes, one morph realizes either one morpheme only or a number of morphemes. All morphs occur as inflectional suffixes added to the verb, which appears in a stem form. 27 The verb stem is the form of the verb to which inflectional suffixes are added. The verb stem is also the form of the verb which is used as imperative singular for the second person and it is the form of the verb which occurs in the lexicon. A verb stem may be simple or derived. A simple or non-derived verb stem may be morphologically complex.

As such the future tense expresses (a) habituality, (b) conjecture, and (c) desiderative. When it refers to future time (usually distant future), the belief or assumption of the speaker that an action or event will occur is expressed. ' 68 A GRAMMAR OF MODERN TAMIL The future tense is, especially, used to express habitual or repeated actions or events in the past or present. ' In Old Tamil this combination of morphemes is phonologically realized in the following way: the negative morpheme is realized either by a zero tnorph or by the negative allomorph -aa, depending on the following person, number, gender morphemes.

This will be demonstrated in the following: i) the suffix -in. 12. 12. 44 A GRAMMAR OF MODERN TAMIL Thus, when a first or second person pronoun occurs as noun modifier, the suffix -in cannot occur with the former's oblique form: * en-in viitu, but en viitu 'my house', in the same way as the euphonic increment -in cannot occur with the oblique form of these pronouns. 12, the euphonic increment -in can also not occur with the third person neuter pronouns atu 'that-it' and itu 'this-it'. Instead the euphonic increment -an occurs.

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A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication) by Thomas Lehmann

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