By Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea
In keeping with contemporary examine in formal linguistics, this quantity presents a radical description of the full method of Romanian Noun words, understood in a longer experience, that's, as well as nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines the entire adnominal words: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional words, supplement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The ebook makes a speciality of syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but in addition features a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian inside the ebook can function a kick off point for the learn of the syntax/semantics of Noun words in different languages, whether or now not they're typologically concerning Romanian. This publication might be of exact curiosity to linguists engaged on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, particularly simply because Romanian is proper for comparative linguistics not just as a Romance language, but additionally as a part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.
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Additional info for A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase
A quick look at the examples in (1) is sufficient to see that (i) adjectives are targets rather than controllers of agreement for both Number and Gender and (ii) nouns are the controllers of Gender: the value of the Gender feature of adjectives (and determiners) depends on the gender class of the noun and (iii) the value of the Number of adjectives depends on the referential properties of the entity referred to by the overall DP. It is however not clear whether it is the noun or the determiner that controls Number agreement, an issue that will be examined below.
Pro-form in which the D together with the empty N form a ‘fused head’. Here, we will assume that the difference between simple and augmented D’s is not structural (all of them sit under D and take a null N as a sister), but merely due to phonological constraints. For arguments in favor of this analysis, see Chapter 3 §3. g. in the direct object and postverbal subject positions. For these positions, the absence of determiner depends on the Number feature, being restricted to plural and non-count nouns.
Atomic entities do not satisfy cumulativity: if John is a man and Bill is a man, it is not true that John and Bill is a man. e. without a determiner, in certain argument positions, in which count singulars must have a determiner (see Chapter 2 on those – much more limited – contexts in which singular count nouns are themselves allowed to lack a determiner): (10) a. Taie brânză / morcovi. cuts cheese carrots b. Taie *(un) copac. cuts a tree This distributional observation can be formulated as an observation regarding the internal structure of DPs and more specifically the type of Det: cumulative expressions (plurals and mass nouns) allow null D’s, which – in unmarked cases – are disallowed by singular count nouns; if we do not want to assume (null) Ds, we could say that cumulative nominals occurring in argument positions allow D to be absent.
A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase by Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea