By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This designated case learn explores the dramatic financial and social adjustments that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. along with significant advances in rice know-how, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, becoming infrastructure, and concrete financial actions have sped up the speed of swap. using a special facts set outfitted from quite a few surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a standard Laguna village, the authors illustrate a trend of socioeconomic improvement shared via irrigated rice components all through Asia.
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This targeted case research explores the dramatic financial and social alterations that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. in addition to significant advances in rice expertise, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, turning out to be infrastructure, and concrete fiscal actions have speeded up the speed of swap.
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- A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
Extra info for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
A villager is prohibited from letting his carabao pass through others’ rice fields while crops are standing, but he is allowed to graze the carabao in anyone’s field after the harvest. A farmer is prevented from rejecting anyone who wishes to collect fallen rice panicles (pulot) in his field after harvest. Such rules are fairly well observed, and violators are criticized as being shameless (walang hiya). As the village of a Catholic country, almost all the inhabitants in East Laguna Village are baptized.
Another significant development in this decade was the spread of the use of hand tractors for land preparation. We are not sure when ‘tractorization’ began. According to Randolph Barker et al. (1972), tractorization in the Philippines as well as in other Asian economies was promoted in the late 1950s by tariff exemption and subsidized credits towards tractor purchase by farmers via a World Bank loan, based on the popular misconception that the use of modern machinery was the basis of ‘agricultural modernization’.
It also acted as a mechanism of major income transfer to rice farmers. In addition to heavy 34 A Rice Village Saga credit subsidy, repayments on the loans were low. In principle, it was intended that bank managers and extension workers would co-operate in supervising farmers, both in production and in loan repayments. However, no strong incentive existed on the banks’ side to enforce repayments because the Masagana loans were recovered through rediscounting by the central bank. Also, because the Masagana loans were so easily restructured, farmers tended to consider the loans as being a gift from the government instead of a credit to be repaid.
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi