By Nicole Nau
Latgalian is a neighborhood language of Latvia in valuable Europe, on a regular basis utilized by an expected variety of 150,000 audio system. Genetically it belongs to the jap Baltic department of Indo-European. whereas its shut courting to Latvian is clear in simple vocabulary and inflectional morphemes, there also are major changes within the phonology, morphology and syntax of the 2 languages, because of divergent improvement through the seventeenth - nineteenth c., whilst Latgalia used to be politically and culturally separated from different Latvian territories. in addition, touch with Slavic languages (Polish, Belarusian, Russian) has performed an immense function within the heritage of Latgalian.
Typologically salient gains of Latgalian contain morphophonological concord with an competition of again vs. entrance vowels and delicate (palatalized or alveolar) vs. tough consonants, a wide stock of non-finite verb kinds, genitive vs. accusative marking of direct items, dative marking of fundamental middle arguments in a number of structures, using non-finite predicates in represented speech, and the lifestyles of a special logophoric pronoun concerning the speaker of a stated discourse.
Nicole Nau is professor of Baltic languages and linguistics at Adam Mickiewicz college in Pozna?, Poland. She can also be the writer of LWM 217: Latvian.
ISBN 9783862880553. Languages of the World/Materials 482. 120pp. 2011
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Additional resources for A short grammar of Latgalian
VL) 'And the illusion arises that at this moment you are able to cure people, to train (140) Kod roksta when write:PRS:3 LATGALIAN cytu reiz sometimes vo/Od-a. ' (IS) An overtly expressed subject is often the topic and therefore the first argument in linear order. 1). 6). Direct objects are marked accusative or genitive. 6). Other core arguments found with verbs with a nominative subject are noun phrases in the dative, noun phrases in the locative, prepositional phrases, infinitival and finite complement · clauses.
PL In traditional narratives, in contrast, noun phrases are typically short, rarely containing more than two simple modifiers. In 19th century texts genitive modifiers are sometimes found after the head. Whether this is the result of interference from Polish or a genuine characteristic of the older language is a question for further research. SG usually denote 'several dozen actors of [the staff of the theatre of the Latgalians' musical society of St. PL status of the noun phrase. Genitive modifiers in positiOn possessors and make the noun phrase definite (ex.
SG Latgal-a Latgalia-L 'in every hillfort in Latgalia that has been excavated by archaeologists' (VL) Genitive modifiers are found in positions QUAL-1 and QUAL-3. PL In traditional narratives, in contrast, noun phrases are typically short, rarely containing more than two simple modifiers. In 19th century texts genitive modifiers are sometimes found after the head. Whether this is the result of interference from Polish or a genuine characteristic of the older language is a question for further research.
A short grammar of Latgalian by Nicole Nau