By George W. Harris
What different types of folks can we aspire to be, and the way do our aspirations healthy with our principles of rationality? In Agent-Centered Morality, George Harris argues that almost all people aspire to a definite type of integrity: we want to be respectful of and sympathetic to others, and to be loving mom and dad, neighbors, and individuals of our groups. opposed to a winning Kantian consensus, Harris bargains an Aristotelian view of the issues provided through sensible cause, difficulties of integrating all our matters right into a coherent, significant lifestyles in a fashion that preserves our integrity. the duty of fixing those difficulties is "the integration test."Systematically addressing the paintings of significant Kantian thinkers, Harris exhibits that even the main complex modern types of the Kantian view fail to combine the entire values that correspond to what we name an ethical lifestyles. through demonstrating how the that means of lifestyles and functional cause are internally comparable, he constructs from Aristotle's idea a conceptual scheme that effectively integrates all of the features that make a existence significant, with no jeopardizing where of any. Harris's elucidation of this process is an incredible contribution to debates on human business enterprise, useful cause, and morality.
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Additional resources for Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism
40 ― This will include considerations of universalizability, consistency, impartiality, and the like. The point is that the rational method of formulating a concept of rational agency is an a priori method that relies in no way for its essentials on the facts of human psychology. Indeed, according to this methodology, we can learn psychology from moral theory. " On her view, Kant's thought is an example of the second, and I take it that hers is as well. When she says, then, that "the internalism requirement is correct, but there is probably no moral theory that excludes it," she is presupposing internalism that is tied to a certain methodological interpretation, and it is just that interpretation that is a stake in the dispute between the two traditions.
For further development of her views in regard to Aristotle, see Barbara Herman, "Making Room for Character," in Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics , ed. StephenEngstrom and Jennifer Whiting (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 33–62.  Herman's view suggests that what shows that the Kantian conception of rational agency is correct is that it, and only it, will pass the integration test. That is, it is the only conception of rational agency that includes a conception of an integrative function that will actually integrate the various concerns of rational human agents in a way that preserves integrity.
In chapter 3 we will see more of what the integration test involves in terms of human behavior. But here the important thing is that there is nothing a priori that rules out the possibility that Kantian internalism, understood as the claim that the CI procedure must serve a functional role within our psychology, might pass the test. In what follows, then, I will proceed with the methodological commitment of applying the integration test to both the CI procedure and the Aristotelian conception of practical reason.
Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism by George W. Harris