By Paul A. Horgen, Alan Castle (auth.), Professor Dr. Frank Kempken (eds.)
During this quantity the relevance of fungi for agriculture is mentioned in 4 sections. the 1st one 'Food and Fodder creation' matters the appliance and capability of mushrooms, straw enrichment, and foodstuff or crop spoilage. the following part 'Mycotoxins and detoxing' offers with the biosynthesis of mycotoxins and using fungi in organopollutant degradation. a wide part entitled 'Disease keep an eye on, Diagnostic, and administration' covers a number of facets of organic keep watch over (fungi, bugs, and weeds), diagnostics with emphasis at the instance of Magnaporthegrisea, and disorder administration with specialize in the real fungal pathogens Phoma, Fusarium, rusts and powdery mold. The final part 'Update on Host-Parasite Interactions' discusses sign transduction, avirulence determinants, phytotoxins, mobile wall degradation, and the coevolution of pathogenic fungi and grass hosts.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Applications
Chen et al. (1996) investigated the degradability of six monomeric phenolic acids, pcoumaric acid (PCA), ferulic acid (FA), caffeic acid (CA), vanillic acid (VA), syringic acid (SA) and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA), in a liquid nutrient medium and the degradation of cell wall bound phenolic acids in maize stover by two strains of white-rot fungi - P. chrysosporium and P. brevispora. Both P. chrysosporium and P. brevispora were able to degrade the phenolic acids in a cell wall bound form and in the free acid form.
2. Temperature and pR ................. 3. Moisture Content .................... 4. Nitrogen Content .................... 5. Composition of the Gas Phase . . . . . 6. Agitation and Aeration . . . . . . . . III. In Vitro Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . A. Wheat Straw .......................... 1. Effect of P. cinnabarinus, P. chrysosporium, C. stercoreus, and D. squalens . . . . . . 2. Effect of S. rugosoannulata and Pleurotus spp. . . . . . . . . .
Wheat straw is a good model for studying lignin distribution as being a gramineous plant it contains the three types of lignin units. Lignin binds with the hemicellulosic components of plant cell walls and, through covalent linkages and physical binding, prevents accessibility to and biodegradation of plant carbohydrates by cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic microorganisms (Eriksson et al. 1990). A negative relationship between lignin concentration and forage digestibility was recognized to exist many years ago (Sullivan 1959).
Agricultural Applications by Paul A. Horgen, Alan Castle (auth.), Professor Dr. Frank Kempken (eds.)