By Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)
Over the decade the area has skilled a becoming curiosity in difficulties linked to the nonmedical use of gear. This curiosity has corresponded to a true progress within the volume, range, and social influence of using alcohol and medication in lots of societies. hence, the quantity of analysis and writing near to drug difficulties has drastically elevated, and it has develop into very tricky for one person to maintain with all of the proper literature. there's hence an acute want within the box for severe reports that check present advancements, and the current sequence is meant to fill this want. The sequence isn't really to be an "annual evaluate" within the ordinary feel. the purpose isn't to hide all of the paintings said throughout the previous yr on the subject of a hard and fast collection of themes. quite, it's to give every year evaluative papers on issues within which sufficient fresh growth has been made to change the overall scope in a selected region. due to the multidisciplinary nature of difficulties of drug use and dependence, the papers released in every one quantity can be drawn from numerous disciplines. despite the fact that, a few volumes could be dedicated to one partic ular challenge, with person studies and papers reading a variety of elements of it. The composition of the editorial board and the foreign advisory board displays those pursuits. The editors are individuals of the senior medical employees of the habit learn starting place of Ontario.
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Extra resources for Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women
Moreover, experimental drug studies in women of childbearing age present serious ethical problems because of the risk of adverse effects on the possible fetus. Another factor is that endocrine problems related to alcohol and drug use, so far, are less frequent and less visible in women than in men, and there is a natural tendency to direct the most effort to the most conspicuous problems. In addition, as Cicero points out, the nature of drug-induced endocrine problems is such that the consequences may be more dramatic in men.
Cicero's review indicates clearly and dramatically the remarkably uneven coverage of this important subject in the research literature. A great deal of work has been done on alcohol and opiate narcotics, yet extremely little has been done on other drugs, even though some of these, such as barbiturates and benzodiazepines, are very widely used. There is quite uneven coverage by system, with much more recent work on the hypothalamic -pituitary-gonadal axis and least on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroidal system.
In both cases, the risk is directly related to levels of use. Alcoholism, the compulsive heavy use of alcohol, has been conceptualized as a disease for several decades. It is understandable, therefore, that interventions designed and propounded to cure or control the condition are referred to as treatments. Although the compulsive heavy use of tobacco does not rate the label of disease, methods to "treat" heavy smokers have also been designed because of the acknowledgment that many heavy smokers who would like to quit cannot do so unaided.
Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women by Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)