By Yunzhi Geng
This e-book examines intimately the fundamental trajectory of the cultural transformation and brings to mild the extrinsic stipulations and intrinsic mechanisms concerned. It specializes in the interval from after the Opium Wars to the recent tradition move, because the New tradition circulate may be thought of a pivotal part within the cultural transformation of modern day China. the recent tradition move was once a innovative eruption brought on via the buildup of all of the new qualitative cultural components because the Opium Wars. Superficially, the movement’s target looked to be to overthrow the normal tradition. yet in essence its precise aim was once to behavior an total “screening” of that tradition. The e-book elaborates a huge number of issues during this context, together with: the ideological and cultural evolution following the Opium Wars; the urgent demanding situations confronted through “Zhong Ti”; the preliminary shaping of social, public and cultural areas and significant traits in ideological and cultural transformation on the finish of the Qing Dynasty; the political disarray and conflicts among the hot and previous ideology within the first years of the Republic; the increase of the recent tradition stream; and the position of conservatism within the transition to a latest culture.
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Extra resources for An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in Recent Times
34 “Discussions on the Book of Changes,” vol. 1, Posthumous Writings of Master Jiao, reproduced block-printed edition in the Bing Zi year of the Guangxu reign. 3 Evolutions in Qing Dynasty Ideology, Academics, and Culture Prior to the. . 23 the Qianlong and Jiaqing eras, top-notch scholars gradually tended to verify the classics by means of the philosophies of the ancient sages (yi zi zheng jing), and academics gravitated from studying the Confucian classics to studying the ancient philosophies.
We stated earlier that Qing Academics set their sights on preserving, sorting out, and summing up China’s national culture, and this is clearly seen when one reviews the achievements of kaozheng research. The relevant fields of ancient Chinese academics and culture and their main writings and records were subjected to special kaozheng research and to studies by first-rate experts and scholars who first and foremost differentiated between the spurious and the authentic. All suspicious ancient books passed down by the instructors of Confucian classics since the Han Dynasty were rigorously scrutinized, and the spurious discarded.
Ling’s account was an excellent description of the methods of induction and deduction used in those days. The way in which scholars after the Western and Eastern Han dynasties studied the classics consisted mainly of writing commentaries and sub-commentaries; few displayed any spirit of research. After the Song Dynasty, a few individual scholars occasionally voiced some doubts about the classics but left it at that. And so when scholars Hu Wei and Yan Ruoqu respectively discovered falsities in the Book of Changes and Book of History, they gave rise to queries about the classics even though they wrote only ten or so articles on the subject.
An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in Recent Times by Yunzhi Geng