By Tanya Reinhart
This ebook has significant ambitions: the 1st is a entire research of sentence-level anaphora that addresses the questions posed above, and the second one is an exam of the wider factor of the relatives among the structural homes of sentences and their semantic interpretation in the hypotheses of the autonomy of syntax and of interpretative semantics built via Chomsky. I argue that the anaphora regulations themselves obey extra common syntactic stipulations on all interpretative principles, and, actually, on all sentence-level linguistic ideas. if that is so, those stipulations may well mirror homes of the processing skill of the brain, and that i finish, in bankruptcy 10, with the query to what volume we may possibly locate correlations among those stipulations and the particular processing of sentences.
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Additional resources for Anaphora and semantic interpretation
One which controls the relevant syntactic processes) cannot, according to her, be determined exhaustively on the basis of semantic factors in these languages. (This conclusion, however, has been questioned by Van Valin (MS) on the basis of the fact that the semantic class of a verb cannot be based solely on the inflectional case marking of its subject). e. the ones that have been assigned to an ‘initial’ grammatical relation) is not statable in terms of any specific semantic relation in the case of the above-mentioned languages.
The latter two processes are controlled by semantic factors. Example: (15c) koːlu taːgi aːyitu stick-nom pot-dat hit-pp two piece became ‘The stick hit the pot and (the stick) broke into two’ (15d) koːlu taːgi aːyitu pot-dat stick-nom hit-pp two piece became ‘The stick hit the pot and (the pot) broke into two’ Notice that the deletion in the second clause is controlled by the sentence-initial argument in both these sentences (koːlu ‘stick’ in (15c) and ‘pot’ in (15d)), which is in the nominative in (15c) but in the dative in (15d).
Variations existing among languages in their representations of grammatical relations are generally regarded as resulting from the occurrence of one or more of these changes. Thus the distinction between two types of intransitive bases, occurring in some languages but not in others, is accounted for on the basis of the postulation of distinct initial grammatical relations. , as belonging to a class called ‘unergatives’. The former are considered to take only a direct object but not a subject in the initial stratum, whereas the latter are considered to take only a subject but not a direct object in that stratum.
Anaphora and semantic interpretation by Tanya Reinhart